CAPIVARA: Cost-efficient approach for improving multilingual CLIP performance on low-resource languages


This work introduces CAPIVARA, a cost-efficient framework designed to enhance the performance of multilingual CLIP models in low-resource languages. While CLIP has excelled in zero-shot vision-language tasks, the resource-intensive nature of model training remains challenging. Many datasets lack linguistic diversity, featuring solely English descriptions for images. CAPIVARA addresses this by augmenting text data using image captioning and machine translation to generate multiple synthetic captions in low-resource languages. We optimize the training pipeline with LiT, LoRA, and gradient checkpointing to alleviate the computational cost. Through extensive experiments, CAPIVARA emerges as state of the art in zero-shot tasks involving images and Portuguese texts. We show the potential for significant improvements in other low-resource languages, achieved by fine-tuning the pre-trained multilingual CLIP using CAPIVARA on a single GPU for 2 hours. Our model and code is available at

In: Workshop on Multi-lingual Representation Learning (MRL) at EMNLP’23